The Moscow Kremlin (Russian: Московский Кремль, Moskovskiy Kreml), sometimes referred to as simply The Kremlin, is a historic fortified complex at the heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River (to the south), Saint Basil’s Cathedral and Red Square (to the east) and the Alexander Garden (to the west). It is the best known of kremlins (Russian citadels) and includes four palaces, four cathedrals and the enclosing Kremlin Wall with Kremlin towers. The complex serves as the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation.

The name The Kremlin is often used as a metonym to refer to the government of the Soviet Union (1922–1991) and its highest members (such as general secretaries, premiers, presidents, ministers, and commissars), in the same way that the metonym Quai d’Orsay refers to the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the White House refers to the Executive Office of the President of the United States and Number 10 Downing Street (or simply Number 10) refers to the Office of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. It is still used in reference to the government of the Russian Federation. “Kremlinology” referred to the study of Soviet and Russian policies.

On Sunday our Les Clefs d’Or Concierge Group went on a walking tour of Moscow and The Kremlin.  It was truly a thrilling experience to walk around Moscow on a beautiful sunny Summer day; visiting The Kremlin and all of its environs was truly a highlight.  The setting is quite park like with lovely well maintained gardens and surroundings.  The most spectacular part of the visit was The Armory Museum filled with all the richness and treasures of Russian History.   Our private guide was quite knowledgeable and well informed and kept us moving throughout the compound; she even assisted us with a Group Photo!!  Our wonderful hosts Pavel Nikolaev and Michael Hopf even took us through the Moscow Metro system which truly was an unexpected experience.  I was amazed at the beautiful ornate design and architecture of the old metro buildings; frescoed ceilings, ornate moldings and carvings!  Just beautiful!!

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